by optometrist Dr Tony Hanks, OAM
Dr Tony Hanks has lectured and published extensively throughout his 45 year career as an optometrist.  The following are examples of articles and scientific papers that are FREE to be downloaded for reference, or for use as resources.

The only requirement is proper attribution of the author(s) and the source.
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Publications - Childrens Vision

Incidence of Vision Problems in Children

Children's Vision Problems - FAQ

November, 1988
February, 2011
A study of 151 Year 5 school children was conducted to determine the incidence of significant visual problems and the proportion that were not previously identified. Includes implications for school vision screening programs.
An explanation of normal visual development for babies, pre-schoolers and school children.

Describes the most common vision problems that affect children. 
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Publications - Contact Lenses

Reproducibility of Spin Cast Hydrophilic CL's

Troubleshooting Soft Toric Contact Lenses

Aust J Optom, 1976, 59(10) 341-347
Int CL Clinic, 1983, 10(5), 305-317
A study was conducted using 10 existing contact lens patients over a period of 10 weeks. This involved 200 lens changes to test the reproducibility of spin cast hydrophilic contact lenses to objective and subjective satisfaction. The correlation and reliability of each form were also assessed.
Reasons to explain the reluctance of practitioners to fully embrace the toric soft lens alternative are explored. Common clinical problems and troubleshooting are discussed.

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The Watermelon Seed Principle

Cosmetic Tinted Contact Lenses: A New Option

Managing Eye Health Changes

CL Forum, 1983, (9)
Clin Focus, 1984, 1(2), 5-10
Rev of Optom, 1983, 121(4), 73
This paper relates to Toric Soft Contact Lenses for the correction of astigmatism. Prism Ballast is a popular method of stabilising rotation, but the mechanism was misunderstood as gravity. This paper demonstrated that the method is actually based upon thin zones and wedges.
Cosmetic tints in soft contact lenses have only recently become available in a workable range of parameters. There are 3 categories of tinted lenses: Visibility Tints for handling; Therapeutic Tints for injured or scarred eyes; and Cosmetic Tints to change the natural eye colour.
Since cosmetic extended wear lenses were first approved for marketing in the US in 1981, the bedate over their safety has intensified, not abated. Today about 26% of all soft lenses prescribed are extended wear and the number of new fits is on the rise.
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Hydrogel Extended Wear Contact Lenses

Tomorrow's Extended Wear Contact Lenses?

How To Choose an Ultra-Thin Contact Lens

Eye Contact, 1985, 2(1), 7-12

Eye Contact, 1985, 2(1), 13-18

Rev of Optom, 1986, 123(4), 61-70

The use of extended wear lenses has increased dramatically. Hydrogel EW lenses account for 12% of fittings in Australia & 33% in the US. Most patients are successful, but there can also be some physiological problems. 

The use of hydrogel lenses for extended wear, as well as awareness of their inherent problems, are both increasing. Research is ongoing to develop lenses that can satisfy the demand without the problems.

Today's thin Hema extended wear contact lenses are not created equally. Each one of the currently available lenses has its' own unique strengths and weaknesses, making each one suitable for some patients and unsuitable for others.
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Performance of Toric Soft Contact Lenses

Contact Lenses Down Under

Proactive Vs Reactive Contact Lens Discussion

Rev of Optom, 1983, 121(4), 73

CL Forum, 1990, (5), 31

Various lens design features have been utilized to properly orient oric hydrogel lenses. Clinical performance of these designs were explored and guidelines are presented for lens selection for patients.

This is an article written for the American market, about the state of contact lenses in Australia. In general the penetration rate is lower, but the use of specialty lens designs is higher. Issues aroun lens care and practitioner clinical training are also discussed. 

CL Spectrum, 1991, (12), 33-35

A study that reveals that practitioners who bring up the subject of contact lenses fit many more than those who don't.
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Publications - Eyecare Access

Evolving Eye Health Expertise in Vietnam

Distance Visual Acuity Charts (3M & 6M)

February, 2016

August, 2002

Many optometrists are proud to
support Optometry Giving Sight (OGS) – partly because OGS is “our” charity and especially because the world has a ridiculous problem of preventable blindness, as pointed out so effectively by the late Brien Holden.
These are 2 versions of this VA Chart:
- One is A4 and is designed for measuring distance vision in a standard room. It was calibrated for 3M (10 Ft) and is good for home visits or doctors' offices.
- The other is A3 and calibrated for 6M (20 Ft).
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Optometry patient education

Macular Degeneration - FAQ

FAQ: Soft Contact Lens Insertion & Removal

February, 2011

February, 2011

Macular degeneration is increasingly common with modern lifestyles and longer lifespans.

This article explains the condition and offers advice about diet and lifetstyle.
Soft contact lenses are a popular alternative for vision correction, but they are still medical devices.

This article summarises the advice for proper care and handling.
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Optometry practice growth

Purpose Building an Optometry Practice

A Purpose Built Optometry Practice

Practice, 1995, (5), 4-6

Optom Econ, 1996, (4), 38-40

Describes the erection of a new purose-built optometric practice.

Includes thoughts on establishing the new facility with careful planning and minute attention to detail; combined with a dedicated building team.
Growth had exceeded expectations, the premises were too small and there were layout inefficiencies.

This article describes how the practice was upgraded by erecting a new free-standing building and customising it to the needs of an optometric practice.
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What Patients

Attracting More

AV Books, first published 2010

Hanks Optom Trust, first published 2012

This book was written for practitioners, based upon the experience of the author in private practice optometry.

As well as being based upon that personal experience, it also includes practical learnings from other fields.
Many optometry practices are under-utilised and optometrists will frequently nominate "not enough patients" as an obstacle to success. This paper looks at what can be done to address the issue. 

(This paper & an associated plan are available in our "Free Downloads") 
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Optometry staff training

The Optometry

Delivering the New Spectacles

AV Books, first published 1999

Excerpt 403  -  August, 2008

This book was originally written to train staff in the optometry practice of the author. This then developed into this popular book that is now in its' 4th edition.

Originally intended for support staff it is now also used by early-year-optometrists. 
This paper is an example of those that went on to become part of "The Optometry Team". This can be useful for staff training, or for discussion at a staff meeting?

More samples are on our Downloads page.
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